New European aid to Africa to stem the flow of migrants

The European Union put a new aid plan for African countries to stem the flow of African migrants through Libya to complement the agreement signed with Turkey in March.

The European Commission aims to strengthen its partnership with the nine countries in the Middle East and Africa, including Jordan, Libya, Ethiopia and Nigeria.

Said Commission Vice-President France Timmermans said that “financing of the project may reach 48 billion US dollars,” he said, adding that it may include security assistance to Eritrea, Ethiopia and Sudan.

And was able to more than a million refugees and economic migrants access to European countries via the Mediterranean Sea over the past year, as civil wars pushed circle in Syria, Iraq, Afghanistan and Libya, many of the immigrants to leave the home and flee toward the European continent.

And drowned hundreds of immigrants in the sea due to the use of boats unsuitable or because of excess cargo.

The number of migrants arriving in the Greek islands through Turkey marked decline since the signing of the European Agreement with Turkey, signed in March / March last.

Under the agreement, the immigrants who prove that their asylum claim unfounded or can not be accepted, they will be sent back to Turkey in exchange for Ankara additional European financial aid, and the exemption of the Turks from entering Europe’s visa.

However, the number of migrants arriving in Italy across the Mediterranean remains as it was last year, with the influx of more boats across Libya.

The immigrants proportion to Italy from: Nigeria (15 percent), Gambia (10 percent), and Somalia (9 percent), Eritrea and Ghana (8 percent), Senegal (7 percent), according to the UN High Commissionerrefugee agency of the United Nations.

It is expected to pressure African migrants increases in future years.

The European partnership program is designed to cover the needs of the nine countries, namely, Ethiopia, Jordan, Lebanon, Lipa, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal and Tunisia.

This plan has been expanded to include more countries.

It includes the European project to provide equipment for border control and police training and provide technical support to prevent migrants from heading north.

This is controversial in the Horn of Africa region, as the European Union has already prepared a list of projects worth 40 million euros as part of the Development Fund for emergencies.

Eritrea, Sudan and subject to international sanctions over allegations of widespread violations of human rights, despite the fact that both countries deny it.

The foreign policy of the European Union responsible Federica Mogherini “We often forget countries such as Ethiopia and Kenya, and that Lebanon and Jordan hosting large numbers of refugees, and that the closure of the Dadaab refugee camp in Kenya would have serious humanitarian consequences.”