The Sudanese government has been making demands and requests to the international community to pressure the rebel movements to join the peace process.
However, this is the first time that the government has put the ball in the court of the UN Security Council and the countries that have power to influence to pressure the armed movements, according to a representative of Sudan to the United Nations who briefed the Security Council on the efforts of the government in the states of Darfur in reviewing the report of the Secretary-General of the United Nations on the implementation of the mandate of the joint mission of the United Nations and the African Union in the past two months.
The Permanent Representative pointed to the steady improvement of the situation in Darfur, pointing to the positive results of the campaign to collect weapons and calling on the international community to support the campaign.
He urged the United Nations Security Council to consider positively the situation in Darfur and explained that the political settlement in Darfur is the goal pursued by the government with perseverance found on the basis of the Doha Agreement for Darfur Peace, which is the basis for peace, noting that the implementation rate of the Convention exceeded 85 percent.
All that remains is the intransigence of the movements, which requires pressure on them and forcing them to sit at the negotiating table without preconditions to join the peace process, considering that the Doha agreement is recognized by the United Nations and cannot be subject to a limited number.
Saying that the intransigence of movements and faction leaders thwarted all attempts, which were led by the high-level African mechanism led by Thambo Mbeki through previous rounds of negotiations, the most recent which was held in the German capital Berlin to reach a political agreement.
The African Union has given the rebel movements an opportunity to join the peace process, threatening to take the necessary measures to deal with the situation if they do not agree to join the peace process at a time when the African Union praised the positive steps taken by the Sudanese government towards the process of collecting weapons, which led to achieving security, peace and harmony in the region, praising the significant developments in the situation in Darfur compared to the last stage.
Sudan’s demand for a council to take sanctions on the rebel movements at a time when these rebel movements are worse than the situation is no longer the same as after the government took control of all its positions in Darfur and has no existence of only some pockets and the movements of Jibril Ibrahim and Minawi have become outside the equation in the states Darfur.
The situation in the field of armed movements and the desire of the government to achieve peace and security in the areas of conflict all caused the armed movements to be excluded from the circles of interest of the international community, as well as the popular support of the Darfurian society which was formed with the conviction that a peaceful solution is the best solution to the country’s problems. He stressed that the movements had no choice but to reach an agreement with the government, and that the changes that took place in the internal and external political arena had a great impact changing the positions of the allies of the movements as a result of changing the interests of the international community is no longer represented in the states Unit and the European Union Daeman armed movements, but they have become the most demanding them to sign a comprehensive peace agreement.
The situation in Darfur has become known to the UN Security Council through field visits by United Nations officials and the reports it has received on security and stability in Darfur.
These are all indicators that would lead the international council to restrict armed movements and encourage them to commit to peace and engage in especially as these movements have become threatened by international peace and security through their participation in fighting in neighboring countries such as Libya and South Sudan.