Due to the repeated displacement (March 2014 to Um Dukhun town, then across the borders to Chad), those displaced families have lost almost all of their household items (such as cooking pots and jerry cans to hold water) and many are now living in makeshift shelters, constructed from deteriorated plastic sheeting and wooden sticks (see photo), which do not provide any protection from the rain and the cold.
Others who have not been able to find plastic sheeting and are sharing overcrowded shelters with relatives, with an average of 7-10 people sharing one small shelter designed to hold a maximum of 5 people.
With the upcoming rainy season, which is expected to start soon in Um Dukhun locality, IOM recognized the urgency to respond to the critical needs of these displaced families, who have to date received little or no assistance. Without support, many will have to sleep outdoors in the wet and the cold, and the risk of ill health (from malaria, colds and skin diseases) will be particularly high for vulnerable people, such as single parents, children under the age of 5, elderly and those who are already suffering from illness or disability. This RRF allocation will provide 1,491 families with emergency NFIs such as jerry cans, cooking sets, blankets, sleeping mats and plastic sheeting.
The population receiving assistance arrived in Central Darfur between December 2016 and February 2017 and is particularly vulnerable because of repeated displacement. A recent assessment carried out by IOM DTM team (Dec 2016 – Jan 2017) revealed a high percentage of single female-headed households, unaccompanied minors and elderly people.
The RRF has been managed by IOM since 2013. To date, it has disbursed over 3,000,000 USD of assistance to over 1,100,000 vulnerable individuals through emergency water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), health, shelter, NFI and protective interventions.