The head of the Sudan Liberation Army Abdul Wahid (SLA-AW) has been rejecting all initiatives of the international community (IC)aimed at returning the Sudanese armed movements to the negotiating table in support of the government’s efforts to achieve comprehensive peace through dialogue and peaceful means.
Since 2006 Abdul Wahid has consistently rejected all peace initiatives sponsored by the IC and the Government of the Sudan and he didn’t involved in any formal peace talks despite the ongoing efforts exerted over the past years by various international and regional mediators, most notably (Berlin meetings, meetings of the Center for Humanitarian Dialogue, African initiatives).
The movement is sticking to its obstructionist position on peace by presenting impossible demands and raising a number of issues that represent its vision of peace, most notably is the establishment of a state of equal citizenship based on the principles of secular liberal-democracy.
Signed in July 2011, the Doha Document for Peace in Darfur (DDPD) was the product of a new settlement attempt that began in June 2008 under the auspices of the African Union (AU), the UN and Qatar.
Abdul-Wahid refused to join DDPD talks despite repeated requests, as he has refused to participate in any peace talks, anywhere, since rejecting the Darfur Peace Agreement in 2006.
AUHIP Peace Process:
The African Union High Implementation Panel (AUHIP) led by former South African President Thabo Mbeki proposed a holistic process to end the armed conflicts and produce political reforms in Sudan.
Since 2009, the AUHIP has been involved in mediating between the Government of the Sudan and Darfurian movements that did not sign the DDPD (The Sudan Liberation Army-Minni Minawi (SLA-MM), the Sudan Liberation Army-Abdul Wahid (SLA-AW), and the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM)).
At the end of a difficult process undergone by the AUHIP, the Sudanese armed and political opposition groups, allied under the Sudan Appeal Forces, agreed on 8 August to sign the procedural Roadmap Agreement proposed by the AUHIP.
Abdul-Wahid has also refused to sign the road map and his position on the AUHIP peace process has not changed.
UNAMID Peace Process:
The African Union-United Nation Mission in Darfur (UNAMID) has been in charge of mediating between the Government of the Sudan and Darfurian movements; in this regard the head of UNAMID and Joint Chief Mediator Jeremiah Mamabolo has phoned Abdul-Wahid several times in the past two years to discuss with him the options for peace talks, but he rejected to involve in any talks with the government of Sudan.
In May 2017, Mamabolo met with Abdul-Wahid in Paris, according to UNAMID he agreed to issue an statement telling his view point on peace process, but the statement didn’t issue, then he phoned Mamabolo telling him he didn’t committed to any statement.
In 2018 Mamabolo send a massage to Abdul-Wahid to resume the agreement but he didn’t respond.
Last year, many international facilitators who supported the AUHIP and UNAMID peace process has contacted with Abdul Wahid to discuss how he joined the peace process but he did not respond or speak with them.
In May 2018, a delegation of Fur community representatives traveled to Paris to meet with him to join peace process; before the visit, the delegation had contacted him to present his initiative and had agreed to meet them with an official letter; however, when they arrived in Paris, they refused to meet and returned to Khartoum several weeks after they had failed to speak to him.
Sanctions Against Abdul-Wahid:
The head of the African Union-United Nation Mission in Darfur (UNAMID) and Joint Chief Mediator Jeremiah Mamabolo urged the UN Security Council to consider sanctions against a holdout rebel leader in Darfur region.
Mamabolo made his call during a briefing via video conferencing to the 15 member body about his recent 90-day report covering the situation in Darfur from 11 June until 3 October 2018.
He told the Security Council he told the African Union Peace and Security Council on 19 September that all efforts to bring the leader of the Sudan Liberation Movement/Army (SLM/A), Abdel Wahid Nur into the peace process have so far failed.
“I urged the Council to consider stem action against the SLA leader because, from all accounts, he prefers belligerence and armed struggle to the cessation of hostilities and a political process,” he said.
Regarding the leader of the SLM-AW, he commanded the Peace and Security Council (PSC) of the African Union for its decision to “seriously consider taking appropriate action against those who continue to obstruct efforts towards lasting peace and security in Darfur”.
Abdul Wahid’s pronouncements against the peace process and mediation:
Abdul Wahid is strongly convinced of refusing to join the peace process, he has publicly attacked mediation, particularly against Mr. Mamabolo, who accused him of corruption and working with the Government of Sudan. In parallel, he criticized Sudan’s call for dialogue with the Government of Sudan and reiterated his intention to change the regime and overthrow it by military and popular means.
Threat the stability in Darfur:
According to the final report of the UN country team”the situation in Darfur remains calm, except for sporadic clashes between SLA-AW and the government forces and nomads in the Jebel Marra. As has occurred in previous years’ dry seasons, clashes became more recurrent between 10 March and 1 April and again on 20-21 April, with SLA/AW staging several ambushes on Government forces as they deploy in the Jebel Marra. Due to access restrictions, the Mission could not verify the number of casualties reported on both sides and civilians affected. There have also been reports of burning of villages by the warring parties. A significant number of civilians have been displaced to different parts of Darfur, including to the Sortony IDP gathering site in North Darfur.
Various groups of SLA-AW factions have been fighting with each other in Jebel Marra since late 2017. These clashes have contributed to insecurity and instability in many areas, resulting in attacks on civilians and new displacement of the local population.
Threat the stability of the region:
The SLA-AW has a military presence in the countries neighboring Sudan, namely Libya and South Sudan; in these countries, SLA-AW forces participate in local war economy, including mercenary activities and smuggling, thus contributing to ongoing instability in the region.
The mercenaries in Libya:
In the past two years, the SLA-AW has been in Libya led by Chief of Staff Yousef Ahmed Karjakula, recently, more SLA-AW elements left the Abdul Wahid faction to Sudan to participated in both mercenary and smuggling activities .