On January 8th, Sudan has participated in the high-level ministerial meeting on the peace process in the Central African Republic (CAR) held in Bangui.
The meeting attended by the Foreign Ministers of Central African Economic and Monetary Community (CEMAC), the UN Deputy Secretary General and the Commissioner of Peace and Security at the African Union.
Sudan’s involvement in the regional issues is consistent with its policy of good-neighboring, joint cooperation, exchange of experiences and stability as elements relevant for regional cooperation.
In this context,Sudan has appointed Ambassador Abdul–Raouf Amer as its extraordinary ambassador to Bangui, last week.
Bangui Meeting (Regional Will):
According to a Sudanese diplomatic source, “the meeting comes at the invitation of the African Union and the United Nations to consult on the Launching of negotiations, on the peace between the parties in conflict in CAR (Christian anti-Balaka militia and Muslim Seleka armed faction).
The source pointed out that “a great response by the parties and intensive movements of mediators for the success of the peace process. ”
Sudan’s participation in the meeting aimed for achieving peace in CAR, which suffered from sectarian strife, broke out in 2012.
In September 2018 in a meeting held on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly, the African Union integrated the Sudanese initiative to end the armed conflict in CAR between Muslim and Christian militias that continue to destabilize the country.
The international community failed to achieve peace and stability there despite the presence of French and other UN international forces.
Khartoum Negotiations…breakthrough towards peace
Last August, the Sudanese government hosted a meeting including the CAR’s main armed groups, the Christian anti-Balaka militia of Maxime Mokom and Muslim Seleka armed faction led Noureddine Adam.
At the end of the two-day meeting , the two groups signed a framework agreement pledging to cease hostilities and to not obstruct free movement of persons and goods with the neighbouring countries and committed themselves to the African Union process for peace and reconciliation in CAR.
Khartoum … Ongoing regional efforts
Despite the Sudan’s readiness to continue its efforts to achieve peace in CAR, the African Union requested the Sudanese government to postpone the next rounds.
“Due to the African Union Extraordinary Summit on the Institutional Reform which will take place in Addis Ababa from 14 to 18 November, the Chairperson of the African Union Commission, Moussa Faki, requested the postponement of the negotiations between the government and the armed movements in the Central African Republic scheduled for mid-November,” said the Sudanese foreign ministry spokesperson.
In January 2017, The African Union adopted the African initiative for peace in the CAR. Further, in an effort to involve the neighboring countries adopted in July 2017 a Roadmap for Peace and National Reconciliation in the CAR in partnership with the Economic Community of Central African States, the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region, Angola, the Republic of Congo, Gabon and Chad).
The purpose of this plan for peace is to promote dialogue and reconciliation between the warring parties before to launch a campaign to disarm the armed groups and secure a return to peace in the divided nation, but it remained halted due to the conflict in CAR and the intersection of the regional countries’ interests and the interests of the international community on the other.
Since then, however, the Sudanese Foreign Ministry has been continuing efforts to mobilize the necessary diplomatic support for the success of the next round for CAR peace in consultation with all concerned countries.
Regional neighbours and the search for durable peace and stability
Following its successful efforts to end the bloody conflict in south Sudan by hosting the southern factions in the negotiations in Khartoum in the presence of the IGAD’s leaders, Sudan redoubles its efforts to achieve peace in the Central African Republic (CAR) in support of the African Union Initiative for Peace and Reconciliation.
Sudan has also participated in various regional mechanisms aimed at achieving stability and security in dealing with common threats, especially the regional repercussions of armed conflicts.
Last August, Sudan has participated in a meeting held in Chadian capital, N’Djamena, on the level of experts.
The meeting discussed border security and ways to curb trans-border network activities in south Libya, and attended by Niger, Libya and Chad.
The Sudan’s diplomatic activity is highly acclaimed by both the major countries and the international community.
Sudan’s initiatives has been able to solve many complex issues that the international community had experienced difficulties in dealing with, notably, Migration through Libya, especially trans-border network activities, which threaten Europe.
In this regard Sudan paid attention to issues concerning security and stability and the existence of groups threatening the national security in south Libya, so it is with the conflict in south Sudan.
Sudan also has a positively involved in the protracted conflict in CAR with regional and international support to overcome this crisis through negotiation.
Allegations against Sudan
For Sudan, the CAR’ issue is not only an armed conflict in a neighboring country, but a vital issue for achieving peace in its neighborhood, which reflected in its national security.
Sudan’s involvement in the regional mechanisms to end the conflict in CAR is also an opportunity to respond to the false information promoted by parties hostile to Sudan, stating” Sudan continue to arm some of the parties in CAR and assisting networks smuggle rare commodities, weapons and minerals and others.
The Western pressure groups hostile to Sudan are promoting for such allegations to keep Sudan under sanctions and blackening its international reputation.
The perfect response to these allegations were hosting CAR’ peace negotiations and achieving peace in South Sudan.