Interview by Rania Al Amin
Translated by Arwa Mohamed
The Sudanese delegation to the United Nations is facing many challenges, foremost of which is achieving the smooth exit of the UNAMID forces alongside the file of the International Criminal Court and other files. The Permanent Representative of Sudan to the United Nations, Ambassador Omar Dahab, spoke to the Sudanese Media Centre, reviewing the efforts of the mission and its role in clarifying the facts.
In the beginning, tell us about the role of the Permanent Representative of Sudan in the UN?
The Permanent Representative is the head of a mission like any other diplomatic mission in the world. We have dozens of diplomatic missions around the world. The UN Charter is not a state, so the agreement in the Charter of the United Nations and other regimes that the membership of the United Nations will be permanent for 24 hours because the main work of the United Nations according to the Charter is to maintain international peace and security. The countries of the world are members of the United Nations and can happen to threaten peace and security at any moment in the earthly hatred, so all these countries must be present with their representatives permanently, the permanent representative of Sudan, who receives instructions from his government.
We have a direct link with the Secretary-General and inform him of all our movements. We are constantly in contact with him. That is why we are in the United Nations offices more than we are in our offices and reflect through our offices what goes on during the day for our governments, as well as diplomatic relations between heads of missions and invitations.
Does Sudan have an active role in the United Nations?
Yes, Sudan during the previous period, as you know, had exceptional circumstances in relation with the United Nations. There were a number of issues that were of interest to the United Nations for many reasons. During the various periods, I noticed that there is some kind of interest in Sudan that is sometimes positive and at other times negative. There are circles in the world that have a view of the Sudan sometimes find it negative and appear in all the political transformations that occurred in Sudan and is still. Since the 1980s, circles have been looking at Sudan with a negative view. Dealing with this perspective is by different means. This interest in the Sudan over the last ten years is a continuous concern, not a moment. Thankfully, Sudan is now in a period of recovery from these negative interests and perceptions. I believe that we are in a position to take our full role, which reflects our traditions, civilization and choices towards peace, and I believe that Sudan has regained its status.
How do you deal with the circles that look at Sudan with a negative view?
The campaign dealt with different aspects of the media circles in the West were engaged in a fierce campaign against Sudan and this campaign difficult our task as diplomats and relied on a lot of distortion of the facts and information is misleading and uncertain and have goals, so we were a task harder to devote or to bear in mind the real picture of Sudan.
After all these years of work and abuse, we have been able to renew the corrective view towards Sudan, and there has been increasing welcome and Sudan has become active in the international environment. The positions he has won confirm that he has reached a level of recovery so that he can prove the truth. And we did not change our positions, but we worked to establish the facts and we managed to change the positions of others in line with the facts and was not an easy task because the sources that reflect the news does not depend on the fact that the media has a role in shaping the situation in this country or that way they see according to their interests Are encouraged and optimistic.
Tell us about the sanctions imposed on Sudan?
The UN sanctions are not sanctions. They are measures in the famous resolution 1591 concerning the situation in Darfur because the Security Council decided in 2004 that the situation in Darfur is worrying and that, as the Security Council has defined it as a threat to international peace and security, and specific movement of some military equipment in Darfur and to some persons not exceeding 5 persons in terms of movement and travel, not necessary and with the permission of the United Nations.. are limited penalties in terms of subject matter and in terms of the territory to which it is a United Nations sanctions we disagreed with or agreed to issued Council Security is the only one that imposes sanctions and these are the sanctions that we deal with as we are a member state of the United Nations and a party to its charter.
What about coercive sanctions?
Compulsory sanctions are imposed by a state alone outside the legitimacy of the United Nations over certain countries for their own interests and these interests are covered by the protection of human rights and so on. But we note that all sanctions that are issued individually are behind the interest of the state that imposes sanctions.
For Sudan, it was not sanctioned by any country other than the United States in the 1990s. As you followed the efforts of the State Department to lift the sanctions and succeeded in this success.
What is your role in lifting the coercive sanctions on Sudan?
As far as the United Nations is concerned, it consistently calls for the lifting of unilateral sanctions and says they are illegal and illegal, not in Sudan, but in all countries where unilateral sanctions have been imposed. We have contributed to this. There is no sustainable development program until 2030. It is the main program of the United Nations. Sudan through its diplomats and experts have been able to make a statement that unilateral sanctions are being carried out against the Charter of the United Nations with the call for them to be lifted as well as some of the organizations we follow, Of the international bodies, where we gave clear signals to reject the unilateral sanctions, the effort was integrated until a report was submitted during this session 72, and the decision of the Human Rights Council, Driss al-Jazairi, in his report on Sudan and welcomed the lifting of unilateral sanctions. In line with the Charter of the United Nations, but he urged others to follow the example of Sudan, he said that the way in which the text followed by Sudan in the lifting of sanctions by example and this Maelina in the United Nations. But the biggest role has been through the diplomatic effort of the State Department and in Washington with confidence and patience to be lifted.
How can benefit from Sudan’s counter-terrorism efforts be used to remove its name from the list of state sponsors of terrorism?
International terrorism is one of the main concerns of the UN Security Council and the establishment of a follow-up committee in the world and has become a follow-up to the situation in the world and cases of terrorism in any region, but the great development is the work done by Sudan with the United Nations and various organizations and has become a party to all the conventions against terrorism in the world But the General Assembly, after securing its membership in the agreements, issued a resolution welcoming the efforts of the countries and the initiative of Sudan in the fight against terrorism and this work continues to this day. As for the United Nations, there is no accusation of the Sudan in this regard. Sudan is also active in the fight against terrorism, especially at the regional level and its efforts in relation to human trafficking, illegal immigration and others, in which Sudan has made progress.
What are the reflections of the dialogue with the United States on removing Sudan from the list of terrorism?
The Dialogue with the United States has been ongoing and there has long been a conviction that Sudan is not a supporter of terrorism. It is officially on the US State Department’s list of state sponsors of terrorism, but the US intelligence and security agencies are convinced that Sudan does not sponsor terrorism, Terrorism and cooperate with the world’s intelligence to fight this disease, and Sudan criminalizes terrorism internally, until the report issued by the US State Department, which was presented at the end of 2016 that Sudan has become a model for international cooperation and bilateral counter-terrorism has become warm The moral and preventive that remain in this list is collapsed, there is no front of the competent authorities with which we deal, in particular the United States, but to translate this acknowledgment to a decision to remove Sudan from this list because it serves certain interests and freedom from them depends on many factors, The world of facts and facts in which something and the adaptation of these facts is something else and many rule on some countries things that did not exist for reality and we are in this period in the case of optimism and the suspicion that the contradictions in the fight against terrorism has become necessary to overcome by reference to the facts naked.
What about the human rights file?
The human rights record is dealt with at the United Nations headquarters in New York through the Third Committee, but the human rights monitoring bodies on a daily basis are in Geneva, including the Human Rights Council.
Necessarily any place where there is a weapon that violates human rights because the carrying of arms is fundamentally contrary to human rights, since the demand for rights must be without taking up arms. The situation of the conflict leads to violations of human rights especially from the arms carriers. The Sudan has undergone a major transformation, The most difficult to umbrella cooperation and provide services and human rights conditions are good. In my opinion, it is the duty of the United Nations and the Government of the Sudan to pay attention to the rights that affect human rights, namely, the interest in economic rights, and in my opinion, the diversion of political and civil rights to other interests outside Sudan is part of the continent and the economic challenges are very large. The overcoming of the economic problems of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights for the Sudan is the first to follow the most. The overruling of political rights indicates that there are other considerations which are not priorities of developing countries Sudan, one of these developing countries, so there must be a coming together with different organizations to achieve economic right because the United Nations has become the primary goal is sustainable development must work on the promotion of the economic rights.
The Joint UNIMED and UN Human Rights Commission report criticized Sudan.
One of the problems facing Sudan’s dealings with the international community is the multiplicity of platforms and mechanisms dealing with the Sudan. For example, months ago at the end of this session, the UNAMID mission made efforts to appoint a very senior officer in a human rights monitoring post based in Khartoum to follow up on Darfur. The matter has been secured on our position, the facilities under the Doha agreement and under the Constitution is able to follow up the situation in Darfur and the Constitution of the sovereign covering all Sudan. In my opinion, there is a joint report between UNAMID and the Commission on Human Rights, which leads to an unwarranted conflict and leads to the fragmentation of solutions so that it is difficult to determine what is the situation, the number of mechanisms is not in the interest of the United Nations to maintain peace and security in the world and Sudan.
We reiterate our call for this great inconsistency to be removed. We have spoken with the Secretary-General and he is seeking to remove this inconsistency.
What about the smooth exit of UNAMID?
Since its publication, UNAMID has reported on the situation in Darfur on a daily basis and there have been ongoing attempts to date by the Government and the Permanent Mission to reflect the situation in Darfur.There are two tasks for the security services to overcome the armed movements and restore the situation in Darfur as it was before 2003, and the other task is to convince the international community of the real situation in Darfur. What is achieved by the government’s efforts is to achieve both sides of the equation together. The United Nations approved the improvement of the situation in Darfur in accordance with UN Security Council Resolution 2363, which recognized that the situation in Darfur has become normal and the conflict in Darfur has been confined to a very small part of the Jebel Marra region, where there is a great qualitative transition and the situation is handled in Jebel Marra to convince the United Nations and others. In the Or exit concatenate for UNAMID and that there were attempts to slow the speed of this out and we will continue our attempts to get out and smooth finish we know for sure that the situation has reached the degree of full security in Darfur.
The African position on criminalization has become united. Can other countries follow the same path?
There are two reports presented every year in the Security Council by the prosecutor of the Criminal Court. These reports are intended to move the Security Council to make tougher decisions. On our part, we were able to prevent the Security Council from being neutral until the flag of the Prosecutor General’s report was received. The Council listened to the Prosecutor and the Permanent Representative of Sudan and the States. The members of the court are then established without any decision. The court was created to achieve the interests of the able countries and to make them a political tool for these countries because their political system is carrying on. This is contrary to the principle of sovereign equality. The foreign minister said that we do not allow any statement to be made by the criminal court to pass unanimously. This is a change in the tactics to confront the matter in the Security Council and the General Assembly. The resolutions in which there is a sign of criminality are calling for voting in order to not be unanimous and there are many countries that stand with us.