Sudan’s permanent envoy to the United Nations Omer Dahab speaking before the UN Security Council on Wednesday said “Abyei will remain an integral part of the Sudanese national territory”, stressing the government will exercise its full sovereignty over the area.
He also called on South Sudan government to engage with Khartoum and the African Union seriously to speed up the formation of administrative institutions in the disputed Abyei region.
Last week, the UNSC unanimously adopted the resolution extending the mandate of UNISFA until 15 May next year.
There is no joint administration between Sudan and South Sudan, as the Ngok Dinka refuse the formation of Abyei Area Administration and the Legislative Council. Instead, they call to hold a referendum without the Sudanese pastoralist Misseriya.
Now there are two committees one for the Misseriya appointed by the Sudanese government and another for the Ngok Dinka appointed by Juba government.
On 27 June 2011, the Security Council, by its resolution 1990, responded to the urgent situation in Abyei by establishing the UNISFA.
UNISFA’s establishment came after Sudan’s government and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) reached an agreement in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to demilitarise Abyei and let Ethiopian troops monitor the area.
The Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) provides that the contested territory remains part of the north until the organisation of a referendum determines its fate. The difference over who will participate in the referendum prevents the two countries from holding the agreed referendum.